Physiotherapy Degenerative disc disease treatment Newmarket

Physiotherapy for Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is commonly known as DDD and it’s an affliction that can affect your spine as you age or through injury. If suffering from DDD pain and inflammation it can often be treated by strengthening your core muscles, neck and back through physiotherapy. The goal is to strengthen your body, particularly the spine, through active and passive treatments. Passive treatments are used to help relax your body and most people then typically begin active treatments to help relieve their pain.

Treating Degenerative Disc Disease

Common treatments for DDD include deep tissue massage, hot and cold therapy and traction. Massages help target muscle tension, spasms, sprains and strains. Direct pressure and friction is applied to your soft tissues such as muscles, ligaments and tendons. The heat will increase the blood flow of the affected area which results in the delivery of nutrients and oxygen. The increased circulation also helps remove any waste by-products which have been produced by muscle spasms.

When it comes to cold therapy, the blood circulation is slowed down and this helps reduce pain, spasms and swelling. The most common forms of cold therapy are ice packs. After going through cold therapy it’s common to stretch the muscles. As for spinal traction, the aim is to alleviate the muscle and nerve pain and tightness by stretching your back. This is performed manually or with the help of a specially designed traction machine.

Active therapy is also important since you need to improve your core stability, range of motion, strength and flexibility through stretching and physical exercises. At Fit Physiotherapy we conduct a thorough examination through testing and personalize each DDD therapy program for the individual’s specific needs. We will discuss your health history and make sure the program is suitable for your condition. In reality, DDD can’t be eradicated since the discs have already begun to degenerate and this can’t be reversed. Your dedicated therapist will help eliminate the pain and show you how to manage it.

You will learn what triggers the pain and how to avoid it through things such as proper posture, body mechanics and other healthy habits. You will also be able to work on your personalized program at home by strengthening the back and abdominal muscles while also increasing your muscle endurance. Exercises may also help you reduce weight at the same time and reduce the pain and stress on your discs. Other contributors to DDD pain can include smoking, lack of exercise and physical work.

If the degenerative disc is in your neck it can lead to neck, shoulder and/or arm pain while an affected disc in the lower back often leads to pain in the legs, back and/or buttocks. This pain can often be felt when reaching, bending and sitting and it may lead to tingling and numbness in the affected areas. Once you begin your treatments you should notice a reduction in pain while your body begins to strengthen. Our goal is to improve your movement and flexibility, so you return to and/or enjoy your daily activities as soon as possible.

When not properly treated, DDD will often lead to a recurrence of pain. Regular treatments and exercises are recommended  to help keep the discomfort at bay. At Fit Physiotherapy all of our therapists are experienced and educated in treating DDD and possess advanced knowledge and skills at helping relieve the pain.  FIT Physiotherapy is located in Newmarket, Ontario, contact us today to learn more about how we can help treat your DDD.

Ankle injury surgery physiotherapy

Physiotherapy After ORIF (Open Reduction Internal Fixation) Surgery

If a bone is broken (fracture), and moves out of position, you may need to undergo open reduction internal fixation surgery. Physiotherapy after ORIF surgery is important for the injury to heal properly and efficiently. Open Reduction is the surgical realignment of broken bones. Internal fixation refers to the fixation of screws and / or plates to promote healing. Physiotherapy after ORIF surgery will increase the success of the surgery, reduce pain and stiffness, aid the healing process and improve mobility and function in the forearm.

Our physiotherapists will help you achieve the return of full or near to full function whilst also helping to prevent any future problems occurring. Rehabilitation can take 4 months or longer after you have had ORIF surgery depending on the severity of the injury.

Common ORIF Surgeries:

  • Fractures of the forearm (Radius and Ulna)
  • Fracture of the Femur
  • Tibial Plateau Fracture
  • Ankle fracture

Contact FIT Physiotherapy today to learn more about our specialized physiotherapy treatment after open reduction internal fixation surgery.

knee injury physiotherapy

Physiotherapy Before & After Knee Replacement

In total knee replacement surgery, the ends of the damaged thigh and lower leg (shin) bones and sometimes the kneecap are capped with artificial surfaces. These surfaces are made of metal and plastic. The plastic acts like hard cartilage, helping your joint to move freely. The metal and plastic parts of the artificial joint allow your knee to bend while also making it more stable.

Physiotherapy plays a major role in the pre-operative and post-operative process. Before the procedure, it is important to focus on strengthening the muscles around the joint that is to be replaced. This will increase the chances of optimal recovery from surgery. Your orthopedic surgeon may prescribe exercises or recommend physiotherapy before your surgery. Our staff will be able to demonstrate what exercises should be done and how to properly execute them to minimize pain and the risk of injury.

Physiotherapy after surgery focuses on regaining full range of motion and recovering strength in the muscles of the knee. Our physiotherapists can prescribe stretches and active exercises to improve range of motion. They will also demonstrate and supervise strengthening programs to maximize recovery. Our staff can also administer modalities and manual therapy to minimize pain and swelling after the surgery.

Contact FIT Physiotherapy today to learn more about our specialized physiotherapy treatment after pre and post knee replacement surgery.

tennis rotator cuff surgery

Physiotherapy after Rotator Cuff Repair Surgery

Surgery to repair a torn rotator cuff most often involves re-attaching the tendon to the head of humerus (upper arm bone). A partial tear, however, may need only a trimming or smoothing procedure called a debridement. A complete tear is repaired by stitching the tendon back to its original site on the humerus.

Rotator Cuff repairs are always accompanied by a physiotherapy protocol. This protocol ensures the proper recovery from the procedure. Physiotherapy after a Rotator Cuff repair will help reduce pain and swelling, help regain full range of motion over time, and help the patient regain strength in their shoulder joint.  After the surgery, the shoulder will be immobilized (put in a sling) for about 7 to 10 days in order to allow the tissues heal. This is followed by light physiotherapy focussed on passive range of motions for 6 six weeks. Therapy gradually becomes more aggressive as you tissues continue to heal and your range of motion improves. Physiotherapy will focus more on strengthening and Active Range of Motion.

Our staff are very experienced in treating patients recovering for Rotator Cuff Repair Surgery. Although there is a general timeline for the recovery of this kind of surgery. We acknowledge that factors such as age, and health history make every patient is different. We assess your abilities each visit and base our treatment on your progress. Our physiotherapists take special care to ensure that you rehab is no too aggressive nor too passive. We work diligently to get our patients back to normal as efficiently as possible.

Contact FIT Physiotherapy today to learn more about our specialized physiotherapy treatment after rotator cuff surgery.

hip pain from running

Can Physiotherapy Help With Hip Pain?

Hip pain often affects your mobility and one of the best ways to regain it is to participate in a physical therapy program. This will also help relieve or eliminate the pain while increasing strength and motion and helping you return to your normal activities as soon as possible.

The hip is basically a ball and socket type of joint which consists of the pelvis and femur (thigh bone) The bones are supported by several ligaments and this helps stabilize the joint. In addition, the joint is allowed to move due to the muscles around the hip.

Causes of Hip Pain

As with most joints, there are several reasons why you may feel hip pain. Such as repetitive strain caused by physical activity or sports. Arthritis is also quite common in the hips because the joint bears a lot of weight. The hips are used for most daily activities such as running, walking, climbing the stairs, and sitting and standing etc. Since the hips are situated close to the lower back you may find it difficult to determine if the pain is originating from the hips or back.

Hip pain may be present in the front, back and side of the hip joint as well as the groin. If you feel pain in any of these areas for more than two weeks, it’s highly recommended that you seek professional medical help to determine the cause and have it treated.

Physiotherapy and Hip Pain

If you decide to visit a physiotherapist, they will be able to evaluate your condition and the diagnosis will help them create a proper management program. At FIT Physiotherapy our team of trained therapists will discuss your condition and medical history before physically examining your problem.

We will perform a gait evaluation to see if your walking, range of motion and mobility are being affected and determine where the pain is coming from. The strength of your hips and surrounding muscles will also be measured. In addition, your lower back me be tested to make sure your pain isn’t originating there.

Following the evaluation your therapist will be able to create a personalized treatment program for the affected area. Treatment may consist of heat and ice to help reduce any swelling, manual therapy as well as a physical program such as exercise to help regain mobility and strength. To help speed your recovery, many of the exercises and stretches will be able to be performed at home.

Our goal at FIT Physiotherapy Newmarket is to determine exactly why you’re suffering from hip pain, help eliminate and stop it from recurring. We want you to be able to perform your daily functions as quickly as you can without any pain or limited mobility. For a personal evaluation and rehabilitation advice please feel free to contact us at FIT Physiotherapy. We will be able to provide experienced assessment, prevention and treatment programs to help improve your condition as soon as possible.

physiotherapy for tendonitis in newmarket ontario

Can Physiotherapy Help With Tendonitis?

When it comes to constant pain and loss of function in the elbows, knees, shoulders, heels or wrists etc, one of the most common causes is Tendonitis. This condition is the result of inflamed tendons, which are the tissues that connect your bones to your muscles. You can suffer from tendonitis anywhere tendons are present in the body.

It’s not always easy to self-diagnose tendonitis though since some people feel a burning sensation when suffering from it and others describe it as a dull ache. In addition, there are also other common symptoms of tendonitis which are tenderness, swelling, stiffness, soreness and weakness.

If the condition worsens it can often lead to pain even when at rest. In general, most people will feel tendonitis pain during some type of physical activity. In fact, tendonitis is often caused by repetitive actions performed in sports and other activities such as the condition known as tennis elbow.

If you believe you may be suffering from tendonitis it’s recommended that you visit a doctor or a physiotherapist for testing and diagnosis. If you do happen to have tendonitis the good news is that it can be effectively treated with physiotherapy. The pain can be minimized and your mobility and range of motion can be returned to normal if the tendons and muscles are strengthened and stretched.

Tendons usually become inflamed or injured because they can’t handle the physical activity you’re performing since it places too much stress on them. In some instances, you may feel pain for just a day or two and it will then disappear by itself. In other cases the pain will linger and become more intense when you use the tendons to complete difficult or repetitive tasks. If this is the case then you may want to visit a physiotherapist for treatment.

 

How Physiotherapy Can Help Tendonitis

There are several forms of physiotherapy used to treat tendonitis pain such as heat, ice, manual therapy, electrical stimulation, heel lifts, arch supports, taping/splints, ultrasound, exercise, massage, stretching, and iontophoresis. Manual therapy is used to treat the joint, tendons and surrounding tissue such as the ligaments and muscles. In addition, exercise is prescribed to improve the tendons’ strength.

At Fit Physiotherapy of Newmarket, our goal is to alleviate the pain and rehabilitate the condition so you can resume your daily routine and normal activities as soon as possible. We will discuss your medical history, diagnose your condition and create the most effective and personalized therapy program to help treat it. The specific therapy treatments used will depend on the level and type of pain you’re feeling as well as your flexibility and range of motion and the specific tendon which is affected.

We will pinpoint the cause of the problem and also suggest how to avoid it from recurring. The tendons’ flexibility and strength will be safely restored over time through therapy with a program that has been specifically created for your unique condition. The recovery time will vary depending on each individual and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed to help alleviate the pain and swelling.

In many instances you’ll have to cut back on physical activity and sports until the tendon has healed and is no longer causing pain. However, in most cases you will be able to take part in physical activities which don’t place any strain or stress on the injured tendon.

About FIT Physiotherapy

FIT Physiotherapy is a physiotherapy clinic in Newmarket, Ontario.  We specialize in sports physiotherapy and associated injuries such as tendonitis.  For more information on tendonitis or any other physical condition you may be suffering from and how physiotherapy can help it, please contact our team of professionals at Fit Physiotherapy.

What Is Ultrasound Used For In Physiotherapy

Ultrasound Therapy in Newmarket Ontario

Therapeutic ultrasound has been around since the 1940’s and is just one of many effective and common techniques used in modern-day physiotherapy. This process provides deep-heating effects to different soft-tissue parts of the body such as tendons, ligaments, and muscles. The process increases blood circulation to these tissues, which in turn helps the body’s healing process and decreases the pain. In addition, deep heating may increase the flexibility of tight tendons and muscles which will improve the tissues’ range of motion.

Energy can be introduced to your body via ultrasound and this can create rapid expansion and contraction of microscopic gas bubbles near the soft tissues. This process is known as cavitation and it can speed up your cellular processes and help the healing of the tissue. Physiotherapists apply ultrasound to their patients with a machine which comes with a probe, wand or round sound head (ultrasound transducer). Before the machine is used, the therapist will apply gel to a specific part of the body as well as the sound head and then slowly move the transducer in a constant circular motion over the body area.

The gel helps reduce friction and also helps transmit the ultrasound waves. The intensity and depth of the penetrating ultrasound waves can be controlled by the therapist via the machine’s settings and it will depend on the specific injury and the stage of healing the patient is in. If the soft tissue is inflamed the therapist might use a topical medication as well as ultrasound gel to help treat it in a process known as phonophoresis. As far as feeling ultrasound treatment goes. Most patients may just feel the gel and perhaps a slight tingling or warming sensation.

The ultrasound waves pass through a patient’s skin and vibrate the soft tissues with a deep heat even though the patient can’t feel a warming sensation. There are some injuries which don’t require a deep-heat effect such as a new injury that has acute inflammation. In this case, the ultrasound waves are applied in pulses rather than on a continuous basis. Ultrasound is also known to relax your tissues, break down scar tissue and increase your blood flow around the affected area. An increased blood flow can help reduce swelling and heal fractured bones.

Typically, an ultrasound treatment will last between three and five minutes depending on the injury and size of the body area which is being treated. However, if the goal of the treatment is to break down scar tissue it could last longer. There are numerous types of common injuries which can be treated by ultrasound at Fit Physiotherapy. These include: tendonitis, frozen shoulder, bursitis, muscle tears, spasms and strains, and ligament sprains and tight joints. However, ultrasound alone will rarely heal your pain or injury as it is typically combined with other aspects of physiotherapy such as active physical exercise and stretching etc.

FIT Physiotherapy is located in Newmarket, Ontario.  Our modern wellness clinic provides physiotherapy and massage treatments for chronic conditions and sports and work related injuries.  Contact us today to speak to one of our physio professionals and to book you appointment online.

Physiotherapy for Muscular Dystrophy

Physiotherapy for Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy can cause the muscles of the body to progressively weaken over time and this results in reduced mobility. However, those who suffer from this inherited disease can get some relief from physical deterioration by undergoing physiotherapy. Our specialist physiotherapists Fit Physiotherapy fully understand how muscular dystrophy can affect a person’s life as well as their family’s. Muscular dystrophy is the result of small defects in a person’s genes which look after their skeletal muscles meaning the muscle cells are at the root of the problem, not the nerves. There are several types of muscular dystrophy and numerous other conditions that share similarities with it and it often strikes children.

 

Physiotherapy for Muscular Dystrophy

Physiotherapy for muscular dystrophy is designed to help maintain or improve your quality of life. Treatment typically includes strengthening and stretching activities and programs which can help improve flexibility and muscle strength while reducing muscle spasms at the same time. The exercises are designed to help reduce joint and muscular contractures. We will also be able to monitor a person’s respiratory function as well as advise them on specific exercises and techniques to keep the respiratory muscles strong and the chest clear. When necessary, we provide mobility equipment for patients such as wheelchairs, walking aids, callipers and orthoses.

Our skilled team of physiotherapists is dedicated to adding fun and functionality in muscular dystrophy treatments. We fully assess each patient so we understand the specific treatment needs of every individual. We’ll be able to recognize each person’s strengths as well as areas that will benefit from treatment. This allows us to develop a unique exercise and treatment plan for each patient. One of our goals at Fit Physiotherapy is to have our patients maintain correct posture as this will elongate their muscles as well as improve the joint range in their knee, hip, and ankle joints as well as the spinal column.

The most common type of the disease is known as Duchenne muscular dystrophy. When coming up with a treatment program for those who suffer with it, we also take into consideration their environment and social circumstances to help improve their quality of life. Treatments often include manual muscle testing, splinting, seating and positioning, range of motion and developing their social skills. The splints are designed to help stretch and support the keep limbs which will prevent or delay contractures which can affect different parts of the body.

In addition, orthoses can be used on the feet to help keep the feet from pointing downward. These can be worn while walking, standing, and sleeping. Manual muscle testing helps us evaluate the muscle strength of a patient and range of motion tests can measure a joint’s movement. Proper seating and the right type of wheelchair is essential to help patients fight off scoliosis and spinal curvature. At Fit Physiotherapy we’ll be able to make sure those who need a wheelchair choose the right type for their condition. In addition our therapists may prescribe several other types of equipment, positioning aids and mobility options during treatment to help improve the quality of life.

If you or any of your family members are suffering from muscular dystrophy and would like to receive physiotherapy or more detailed information on our treatment programs, please feel free to contact us at Fit Physiotherapy at your convenience.

Physiotherapy For Neck Pain

physiotherapy-for-neck-injuries-newmarket

While calling somebody a pain in the neck is a common phrase, an actual pain in the neck shouldn’t be taken so lightly. Neck pain should be taken seriously since it can interfere with everyday normal tasks while you may also lose some range of motion. In addition, neck pain can sometimes cause discomfort in your hands, arms and/or shoulders. The human neck consists of seven bones which are known vertebrae and are located on top of each other. An intervertebral disc, which is a spongy type of material, sits between each of these bones. Your neck bones are designed to protect the spinal cord as well as allow for routine motion. Since the neck is quite flexible it can rotate as well as bend sideways, forward and backward.

 

Cause of neck pain
There are numerous causes of neck pain including poor posture when sitting, trauma, whiplash, and simple wear and tear in the discs which may lead to arthritic pain. Trauma and whiplash often takes place during sports injuries or sudden jolts such as car accidents. The pain may be felt in different areas of the neck and this is why it needs to be properly diagnosed and treated. In some instances, pinched neck nerves can lead to pain, weakness, tingling or numbness down the arms and into the hands.

 

If the pain doesn’t go away after a few days or it gets worse, it’s recommended that you visit a medical professional for an expert opinion. Some doctors may prescribe medication or physical therapy or a combination of the two. At Fit Physiotherapy our highly-trained therapists will be able to diagnose and evaluate your unique condition and pin point the roots of the problem. We’ll then be able to personalize a treatment plan to help alleviate the pain and return your natural range of motion.

 

Visiting a physiotherapist
Our therapist will gather and review your health history, examine the cause of pain and test your range and quality of motion with a goniometer. Your arm strength may also be tested and your muscles will be checked for tightness and/or soreness. In addition, your spine may also be tested for mobility and your sitting posture analyzed. You may be asked to perform specific physical movements or tasks so your functional mobility can be accurately assessed.

 

Treatment
At Fit Physiotherapy, your therapist will work hand in hand with you during the treatment process to help you recover as quickly as possible and to develop a strategy to help the pain from recurring. The passive and active treatment for your neck pain may include one of or a combination of several things. These include exercises and strengthening exercises to improve your range of movement and lessen the pain. Cervical traction could also be used to ease pain on any irritated nerves if you suffer from arthritis or if you have a herniated or bulging disc.

 

If your posture needs correcting we will suggest certain methods to improve it and may suggest using lumbar support. Deep tissue massage is a common remedy for sore and tight muscles, tendons and ligaments which are causing neck pain as are therapeutic modalities including TENS (Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) and ultrasound. In addition, heat and ice treatments are typically effective in decreasing inflammation and relaxing your muscles. With the proper care and personal treatment from our team of skilled therapists at Fit Physiotherapy of Newmarket, the pain in your neck should disappear in a few weeks with your full range of motion, stability, strength, and flexibility returning.

Physiotherapy for Plantar Fasciitis

physiotherapy-newmarket-plantars-fasciitis

One of the most painful and common foot conditions is plantar fasciitis as it’s often difficult to treat. The pain is centered in the heel and treatments are designed to decrease both inflammation and the discomfort. In addition, the possible causes of the condition should be identified and corrected. After that, patients need to improve their flexibility and strength while returning to full fitness as quickly as possible.

The plantar fascia is a thick connective tissue which originates at the bottom of the heel bone and then extends along the foot’s sole to the toes. When the plantar fascia becomes inflamed or tears because of being overstretched it’s called plantar fasciitis. The condition is generally caused by compression or traction injuries which are often associated with running and impact sports. It can also be caused by bad foot biomechanics which place stress on the plantar fascia. This can be the result of weak muscles or flat feet. You’ll notice more pain in the heel area when plantar fasciitis starts to deteriorate, especially during exercise and after it. You may also begin to feel the pain even when weight bearing or resting.

If you’re feeling pain in the heel then don’t hesitate to contact us at Fit Physiotherapy. We’ll be able to fully diagnose the condition with a clinical examination. We’ll also be able to determine what is causing the problem and help develop a treatment plan to cure it and decrease the chance of any future bouts. Our team of professional therapists will be able to suggest healthy changes to your lifestyle and footwear to help reduce the chances of suffering from plantar fasciitis in the future. Our physiotherapists are specially trained in foot assessment and biomechanical correction.

Plantar fasciitis is often helped by a combination of different treatments as this is the most effective approach. At Fit Physiotherapy we aim to diminish the pain and inflammation as quickly as possible and this is often done with manual therapy, shockwave therapy, stretching and strengthening. It’s usually recommended that you stay off your feet as much as possible. Below are some helpful tips which may help ease the pain of plantar fasciitis in the early stages.

Footwear
It’s recommended that you wear comfortable, cushioned shoes while avoiding high heels or flat soles. Try not to walk on your bare feet, especially on rigid surfaces. Walking on a hard surface will typically increase the strain under your feet.

Apply Ice
Ice applications are ideal for many types of injuries, including plantar fasciitis. You should apply a cold pack or ice massage on the affected area for about 10 minutes each hour during the first day of the symptoms. You can then reduce this to three-to-five times per day when the symptoms begin to ease.

Tape the foot
You may want to tape your foot to support and protect the fascia until walking  can be achieved without any pain. If the taping works, then orthotics will likely also be able to correct your foot biomechanics. These will help stop the condition from returning in the future.

Medications
In the early stages of the condition, your doctor may recommend Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to help reduce the swelling and pain.

Orthotics
Orthotic inserts may also be recommended to help ease the strain on the foot. These can often be fitted by a podiatrist or sports injury professional and should always be worn.

Exercises
It’s important that you stay off your feet as much as possible if standing or walking causes you pain. However, it’s possible that you may be able to cycle and/or swim with the condition to maintain your fitness.

Night splint
You may want to wear a plantar fasciitis night splint while sleeping if it helps relieve the pain.

Stretching
Depending on the level of pain, you may be able to stretch the plantar fascia as well as all other lower leg muscles during your rehabilitation period as well as after the condition has healed.

Ice and massage
Once you’re able to walk without any pain, you should continue to ice the affected area after walking and exercising. Massage will also help to improve and stretch the elasticity of the area. If you’re unable to visit a therapist you can roll your foot over the top of rolling pin or ball for 10 minutes per day to help stretch the area.

Walking
If the pain has disappeared for a week you can slowly increase the amount of stress placed on the foot. This can be done by walking further distances and at a quicker pace. However, if it causes pain, then be sure to slow things down. If you can walk pain-free you may be able to return to your normal athletic routine if you have one. Be sure to wear the proper type of footwear for your chosen sport and apply ice to your foot for about 10 minutes after training and playing. In addition, don’t forget to stretch both before and after physical activity.